GOLLOP (GALLOP), George (1581-1650), of Bugle Street, Southampton, Hants.
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Family and Education
bap. 3 Feb. 1581,2 5th s. of William Gollop (d.1588),3 yeoman, of Stoke Abbott, Dorset, and Joan, da. and coh. of Roger Gibbes of Brimley, Devon.4 educ. appr. to George Gollop snr., mercer, Southampton 1596-1605.5 m. 14 Jan. 1605,6 Amarine Gollop of Stoke Abbott, 1s. d.v.p.7 d. 1650.8
Freeman, Southampton, Hants, 1605,9 constable 1606-7,10 steward 1612-13, bailiff 1613-15,11 sheriff 1615-16,12 mayor 1621-2, 1632-3, alderman 1622-d.;13 churchwarden of All Saints, Southampton 1613-14;14 commr. gaol delivery and oyer and terminer, Southampton 1622-35,15 levying money 1643, defence, Hants 1643, 1644, sequestration, Hants 1643, assessment, Southampton 1644-d., Hants 1647-8, execution of ordinances 1645.16
Gollop’s ancestors migrated from the north country to Dorset in 1465, and a pedigree was entered for the senior branch by the heralds at their visitation in 1623.17 His eldest brother married well and became a county magistrate. Gollop himself was apprenticed to a kinsman whose business he inherited in 1605, and became a shipowner and merchant, exporting woollen cloth and importing paper and linen from France and Spain and fish from Newfoundland.18 By 1625 he had purchased Stanbridge, near Romsey in Hampshire. After serving Southampton in all the chief municipal offices he was returned for the borough to the first three Caroline Parliaments, but left no mark on the records in 1625 or 1626. When he refused to contribute to the Forced Loan the deputy lieutenants were reluctant to penalize him, but the lord lieutenant (Sir Edward Conway I*), desired to make an example of Gollop, who submitted to avoid a summons from the Privy Council.19 In the following year he was granted letters of marque.20 He made an unrecorded intervention in the billeting debate of 8 Apr. 1628, and returned to the subject on 6 June, informing the Commons that Southampton had been swamped with soldiers, many of them Irish, who had recently been moved to the surrounding countryside.21 He was among those appointed to examine the Muscovy Company’s patent (17 May), and in the second session he was added to the committee to investigate the case of John Rolle*, who had refused to pay Tunnage and Poundage (3 Feb. 1629).22
In 1636 Gollop was granted Southampton castle, a ruin he had been leasing since 1619.23 He does not seem to have stood for the Short Parliament, but was returned again in the autumn of 1640. A parliamentary supporter in the Civil War, he was secluded at Pride’s Purge.24 He was ill when he drew up his will on 20 Apr. 1650, leaving extensive bequests to local charities.25 It was proved on 3 July 1650 by his nephew Roger, the residuary legatee, who represented Southampton in Richard Cromwell’s Parliament.
Ref Volumes: 1604-1629
Authors: Virginia C.D. Moseley / Rosemary Sgroi
- 1. Secluded at Pride’s Purge, 6 Dec. 1648.
- 2. Dorset RO, Stoke Abbott par. reg., unfol.
- 3. PROB 11/73, f. 213v.
- 4. PROB 11/74, f. 216v; The Gen. n.s. xxv. 139.
- 5. Mayor’s Bk. ed. W.J. Connor (Soton Rec. Ser. xxi), 80.
- 6. Dorset Par. Reg. ed. Phillimore, vi. 66.
- 7. PROB 11/213, f. 18.
- 8. Ibid.
- 9. SCL, SC3/1/1, f. 156.
- 10. Bk. of Remembrance ed. H.W. Gidden (Soton Rec. Soc. xxvii), 103.
- 11. Assembly Bks. 1611-14 ed. J.W. Horrocks (Soton Rec. Soc. xxiv), 51, 58, 70.
- 12. J. Speed, Hist. Soton, 57, 59; Assembly Bks. 1615-16 ed. J.W. Horrocks (Soton Rec. Soc. xxv), 60-1, 72.
- 13. Exams. and Deps. 1622-7 ed. R.C. Anderson (Soton Rec. Soc. xxix), 3, 8.
- 14. Assembly Bks. 1611-14, p. 69.
- 15. C181/3, ff. 58, 241v; 181/4, ff. 77v, 202; Letters Patent, 1415-1612 ed. H.W. Gidden (Soton Rec. Soc. xx), 144.
- 16. A. and O. i. 113, 231, 335, 345, 451, 540, 696, 975, 1092-3; ii. 43, 477.
- 17. Vis. Dorset (Harl. Soc. xx), 43.
- 18. PROB 11/106, f. 16; Exams. and Deps. 1627-34 ed. R.C. Anderson (Soton Rec. Soc. xxxi), 73; Exams. and Deps. 1634-9 ed. R.C. Anderson (Soton Rec. Soc. xxxiv), 84.
- 19. Add. 12922, f. 88v.
- 20. Exams. and Deps. 1639-44 ed. R.C. Anderson (Soton Rec. Soc. xxxvi), 65.
- 21. CD 1628, iv. 147, 159-60; Procs. 1628, vi. 64.
- 22. CD 1628, iii. 449; CJ, i. 926a.
- 23. J.S. Davies, Hist. Soton, 83.
- 24. M.F. Keeler, Long Parl. 189.
- 25. PROB 11/213, f. 18.