Cashel

Borough

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1790-1820, ed. R. Thorne, 1986
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Background Information

Right of Election:

in the freemen

Number of voters:

25 in 1829

Population:

(1821): 5,974

Elections

DateCandidate
1801RICHARD BAGWELL
9 Dec. 1801 JOHN BAGWELL II vice Bagwell, vacated his seat
27 July 1802WILLIAM WICKHAM
27 Feb. 1806 WICKHAM re-elected after appointment to office
17 Nov. 1806ARCHIBALD JOHN PRIMROSE, Visct. Primrose
25 May 1807QUINTIN DICK
15 Apr. 1809 ROBERT PEEL II vice Dick, vacated his seat
26 Oct. 1812SIR CHARLES SAXTON, Bt.
9 June 1818RICHARD PENNEFATHER
4 Mar. 1819 EBENEZER JOHN COLLETT vice Pennefather, vacated his seat

Main Article

Richard Pennefather, whose family had been proprietors of this close borough since the early 18th century, was its parliamentary patron from 1787 until his death in 1831. After the Union, he occupied it for only a few months himself and then as a stopgap, preferring to sell it. The paying guest at the Union, Richard Bagwell, made way for his younger brother John in 1801, but from 1802 Pennefather sold the seat to the government, though John Bagwell was ready to bargain with him for it in 1806 and 1812. In return, Pennefather obtained places for himself and family in 1802, an exchange of office with his son plus 4,000 guineas in 1806 and £5,000 thereafter.1 The one known concession to the score or so of aldermen and freemen who formed the remnant of the electorate was a visit by Saxton in 1812 ‘for the purpose of canvassing Mr Pennefather for his interest’2 and the payment of £100 election expenses.

The only problems that arose concerned the Member’s arrangement with the government. When Wickham resigned as chief secretary in 1804, he retained the seat and transferred his allegiance to Lord Grenville in opposition. Pitt’s administration wished Viscount FitzHarris* to have the seat. When his successor in office Nepean asked Wickham to resign it, 30 July 1804, he refused on the grounds that it was not in the lord lieutenant’s gift, but the then prime minister’s (i.e. Addington’s). Nepean took the view that ‘the seat ought not to be considered as belonging to him any longer than while he held the office of chief secretary. If, for example, I had not had a seat in Parliament, Wickham would, as a matter of course have vacated to make room for me. The seat in fact belongs to government and is in its disposal.’ The argument, in which Grenville took Wickham’s part, was not pressed to a conclusion then, or in the autumn of 1805 when the seat was wanted for Charles Lon