STUART, Andrew (1725-1801), of Craigthorn, Lanark.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1790-1820, ed. R. Thorne, 1986
Available from Boydell and Brewer



1774 - 1784
1790 - 18 May 1801

Family and Education

b. 1725, 2nd s. of Archibald Stuart of Torrance by Elizabeth, da. of Sir Andrew Myreton, 1st Bt., of Gogar, Edinburgh. educ. Edinburgh h.s. m. 9 Oct. 1790, Margaret, da. of Sir William Stirling, 4th Bt., of Ardoch, Perth, 3da.; she m. (2) (Sir) William Pulteney*, 5th Bt. suc. bro. Alexander to Torrance 1796; kinsman Sir John Stuart, 5th Bt., to Castlemilk, Lanark 1797.

Offices Held

WS 1759; King’s remembrancer in exchequer [S] May 1770-June 1771, jt. remembrancer 1771-86; jt. keeper of the signet [S] Mar. 1777-June 1779; member of Board of Trade June 1779-82; keeper of register of sasines [S] July 1781-99, jt. keeper 1799-d.


Stuart had been the Duke of Hamilton’s Member for Lanarkshire until his retirement in 1784. Had he stood at that election he was expected to rally to Pitt’s administration under the influence of the duke and Henry Dundas: his politics were a matter of personal loyalties. He was recalled from his antiquarian researches by his friend and benefactor Sir William Pulteney, to whom he had written from Paris in July 1789 approving the ‘ardent spirit of liberty’ there, to become one of his nominees for Weymouth in 1790. At the same time he declined some ‘very honourable and important’ appointment offered him by Pitt, regretting that ‘neither the mens nor the aetas are now the same’, 31 May 1790. When present, he supported government, though he appears to have been, like his patron, in the minority for relieving the Scots from the penalties of the Test Act, 10 May 1791. A month before he had been balloted to the public revenue committee. On 4 Mar. 1793 he was given leave of absence for bereavement and on 3 Apr. 1797 was a defaulter. He appears to have spoken for the cavalry bill, 2 Nov. 1796, rebuking opposition for their lack of confidence in government’s good intentions.1

In his Genealogical History of the Stewarts (1798), Stuart concluded that he was heir male of the ancient royal line, a claim that did not go unchallenged: it had no future, as he had no heir male. On 27 Nov. 1799 he suggested to Dundas, as ‘a graceful close’ of all his labours, that financial relief should be offered to the unfortunate Cardinal York, the surviving brother of the Young Pretender.2 He died 18 May 1801.

Ref Volumes: 1790-1820

Author: R. G. Thorne


  • 1. PRO 30/8/181, ff. 128, 130; CJ, xlviii. 318; lii. 450.
  • 2. DNB; Kent AO, Stanhope mss 751/8.