KS3 > The Reformation > Parliaments > Elizabeth I 2nd
After the Elizabethan religious settlement, pressure grew in the country for further reforms.
'A Godly meditation day and night to be exercised', c.1600
© the Trustees of the British Museum 1932, 0709.4
More radical Protestants, known as Puritans, wanted the Church of England to stop every practice that even looked like Catholicism, such as priests wearing traditional robes or the use of music in services.
This Parliament passed the Act for Assurance of the Queen’s Power, which meant that anyone working for the government had to swear to the Oath of Supremacy. This ensured that anyone working for the government had to recognise Elizabeth, and not the Pope, as the head of the church, which many Catholics would not do.
As this Parliament continued, MPs tried to pass more religious bills, and to persuade Elizabeth to get married. Elizabeth was unhappy with both. She refused to answer questions about her marriage, and argued that religious debate was not appropriate. As she was Supreme Governor of the church, only she decided what religious laws were passed. This became a pattern for many of Elizabeth’s parliaments!
|The Commons Petitioning Queen Elizabeth to Marry by Solomon Joseph Solomon © Palace of Westminster|
For more on the Elizabeth Religious Settlement, see our Explore article
For more on the Religious debates, see our Explore article
Frontispiece to Simonds D'Ewes, 'Journals of All the Parliaments during the Reign of Queen Elizabeth' (1682)
Elizabeth's Second Parliament
January 1563 – January 1567
In 1562 Elizabeth nearly died from smallpox. Aside from causing many concerns about who would inherit the throne if Elizabeth died, the disease had other effects. Elizabeth wore more make-up to hide the scars, including painting her face with a mixture of lead and vinegar. This gave her the pale look we know so well!