CADE, John, of Penne's Place, Aldenham, Herts. and Owston, nr. Doncaster, Yorks.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603, ed. P.W. Hasler, 1981
Available from Boydell and Brewer



Family and Education

Prob. 1st or o.s. of Richard Cade of London by Joyce, da. of Thomas Arden of Parkhall. educ. Christ Church Oxf. 1550, BA 1553; M. Temple 1556. m. (order not known) Ellen, da. of Nicholas Jennings, 3s.; Mary, sis. of Edward Love of Aynho, Northants., 1s.2

Offices Held


The family pedigrees are too imperfect to define the relationship between this Member and William Cade of Cippenham Court, Buckinghamshire, receiver-general of the duchy of Lancaster from 1558 to 1577. It was evidently close: the receiver’s will left to his ‘loving cousin’ John Cade 40s. and ‘my earthen pot garnished with silver with a cade or sheep on the lid of it’ and appointed him an overseer. It may have been the receiver who introduced his relative to Sir Ambrose Cave, chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster. When Cave died in 1568 he bequeathed to his ‘servant John Cade’ £20, a gelding and a mare. Although no direct connexion has been found between the Knaresborough Member and Sir Ralph Sadler, chancellor of the duchy in 1571, Cade was probably a duchy nominee: he may have held a minor office, perhaps a legal one, in the duchy court.3

His admission to the Middle Temple was at the ‘special instance’ of Thomas Carus, later Justice Carus. There is no record of his having been called to the bar, but he was presumably the Mr. Cade who in October 1556 was granted a chamber with several other members of the Temple, and in November of the following year was suggested as butler, but did not act.

After this date little is known of him. He was a party to several duchy of Lancaster cases, two of them concerned with lands in the parish of Aldenham. Other duchy cases, brought in 1589 and 1590 by John Freston, farmer of the green wax, over tenants refusing to pay rent in Owston, show that Cade had a lease by patent of lands there, which he sublet to Freston. He also became involved in a number of Chancery lawsuits, none of them of particular importance or interest.4

The date of his death has not been found. It was presumably before 1597-8, when his son John sold the capital messuage of Penne’s Place.5

Ref Volumes: 1558-1603

Author: N. M. Fuidge


  • 1. De Tabley. Browne Willis has James Cade.
  • 2. Vis. Herts. (Harl. Soc. xxii), 133; Vis. Northants. (Harl. Soc. lxxxvii), 184.
  • 3. CSP Dom. 1547-80, p. 110; R. Somerville, Duchy, i. 404; DL1/71/C4; PCC 39 Daughtry, 9 Daper; Lansd. 10, ff. 79-80.
  • 4. DL1/109/A21, 135/A66, 145/F8, 150/F2; C3/5/117, 38/57, 60/87.
  • 5. VCH Herts. ii. 153 n.