BARKER, Sir Abel, 1st Bt. (c.1616-79), of Hambleton and Lyndon, Rutland.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660-1690, ed. B.D. Henning, 1983
Available from Boydell and Brewer



21 Aug. - Sept. 1679

Family and Education

b. c.1616, 2nd s. of Abel Barker (d.1637) of Hambleton by Elizabeth Wright. m. c. July 1646, Anne (d. Jan. 1648), da. of Sir Thomas Barton, 1st Bt., of Stockerston, Leics., 1s.; (2) 6 Sept. 1655, Mary, da. of Alexander Noel of Whitwell, Rutland, 3da. suc. bro. 1648; cr. Bt. 9 Sept. 1665.2

Offices Held

Commr. for raising moneys, Rutland 1645, sheriff 1646-7, j.p. 1647-52, 1653-d., commr. for assessment 1657, Jan. 1660-d., militia 1659, Mar. 1660, dep. lt. c. Aug. 1660-d.; commr. for sewers, Lincs. Aug. 1660, loyal and indigent officers, Rutland 1662, enclosures, Deeping fen 1665.


Barker came of yeoman stock. His father bought the manor of Nether Hambleton in 1634, and Barker himself prospered as a large-scale sheep-farmer. Although he welcomed the Civil War without enthusiasm, he served on the county committee and was elected to the second Protectorate Parliament. But he was no friend to the regime and signed the loyal address at the Restoration. He was proposed for the order of the Royal Oak with an estate of £1,000 p.a. He stood unsuccessfully for Rutland against Edward Noel in 1661. In the following year he was able, out of his profits as farmer and landlord, to buy the manor of Lyndon where he built a large mansion. Three years later he was granted a baronetcy by Charles II, paying the usual fee. His second wife was the niece of Sir Geoffrey Palmer, the attorney-general, with whom he corresponded on political and business affairs. Barker was returned for the county at the second general election of 1679, probably in the country interest. But he died before the second Exclusion Parliament met. He was buried at Lyndon on 2 Sept. 1679, aged 63, the only member of his family to sit in Parliament.3

Ref Volumes: 1660-1690

Authors: Eveline Cruickshanks / Basil Duke Henning


  • 1. Excluded.
  • 2. Vis. Rutland (Harl. Soc. lxxiii), 32; HMC 5th Rep. 389, 391; The Gen. ii. 333.
  • 3. HMC 5th Rep. 396-7; VCH Rutland, i. 200-1; ii. 67, 73, 75.