GARRARD, John (c.1638-1701), of Clipston, Northants.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660-1690, ed. B.D. Henning, 1983
Available from Boydell and Brewer



Oct. 1679
7 Jan. - 13 Jan. 1701

Family and Education

b. c.1638, 1st s. of Sir John Garrard, 2nd Bt., of Lamer Park, Wheathampstead, Herts. by Jane, da. of Sir Moulton Lambarde of Sevenoaks, Kent. educ. Christ Church, Oxf. 1657, I. Temple 1658. m. lic. 6 May 1669, ‘aged 25’, Katherine (d. 16 Apr. 1702), da. and coh. of Sir James Enyon, 1st Bt., of Floore, Northants., wid. of Sir George Buswell, 1st Bt., of Clipston, 1da. suc. fa. as 3rd Bt. 11 Mar. 1686.1

Offices Held

Commr. for assessment, Herts. 1673-80, 1689-90, j.p. and dep. lt. 1689-d., sheriff 1690-1.2

Groom-porter 1699-d.


Garrard’s great-grandfather, of Kentish origin, served as lord mayor of London in 1555-6 and represented the city in 1558. His grandfather bought Lamer in the reign of James I and was created a baronet. His father, an active Parliamentarian, held no local office after 1650, though he lived into the reign of James II. At the Restoration the estate was valued for militia purposes at £750 p.a.3

Garrard was returned for Ludgershall at the second general election of 1679 on the interest of his brother-in-law, the courtier Thomas Neale. A friend and neighbour of the loyal Ishams, he was presumably a court supporter, though he took no part in committee work or debate. He and Neale were involved in an unresolved double return in 1681. A court Tory under William III, he succeeded Neale as groom-porter. He died in his London lodgings on 13 Jan. 1701, aged 62, after an operation for the stone, and was buried at Wheathampstead. His brother, a London Grocer, succeeded both to his estate and to his seat at Amersham, becoming lord mayor in 1710.4

Ref Volumes: 1660-1690

Author: John. P. Ferris


  • 1. N. and Q. cciii. 544.
  • 2. Hertford County Recs. vi. 522.
  • 3. VCH Herts. ii. 299; A. Kingston, Herts. during the Civil War, 62; HMC Verulam, i. 102.
  • 4. N. and Q. cciii. 544; BL, M636/33, Stewkeley to Verney, 21 Aug. 1679; Luttrell, v. 3, 6; Clutterbuck, Herts. i. 521.