PHILIPPS, Hector (d.1693), of The Priory, Cardigan.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660-1690, ed. B.D. Henning, 1983
Available from Boydell and Brewer



1690 - 18 Mar. 1693

Family and Education

2nd surv. s. of Hector Philipps of The Priory by 1st w. Anne, da. of William Wogan of Wiston, Pemb.; bro. of James Philipps. educ. I. Temple 1654. m. (1) c.1660, Mary, da. of Philip Skippon of Foulsham, Norf., 1da. (2) c.1673, Margaret (d.1717), da. of Richard Owen of Rhiwsaeson, Mont., wid. of James Stedman of Strata Florida, Card., s.p. suc. bro. 1674.1

Offices Held

Commr. for assessment, Card. 1652, Card. and Pemb. 1657, Jan. 1660, Card. Sept. 1660-1, 1664-80, Pemb. 1677-80, Mont. 1689, Card. and Pemb. 1689-90, scandalous ministers, S. Wales 1654, security 1655-6; j.p. Card, 1657-Mar. 1660, 1663-87, ?1689-d., Pemb. 1680-7, mayor, Cardigan 1657-8, 1666-7, 1678-9; dep. lt. Card. 1683-Feb. 1688, Oct. 1688-?d., sherriff Jan.-Nov. 1688.2


Philipps was returned for Cardigan Boroughs in 1679 at the first election after he had succeeded to the family estate, and held the seat for the rest of his life, though he was not active in Parliament. He was marked ‘honest’ by Shaftesbury, and voted for the first exclusion bill. His only committee in the Exclusion Parliaments was on the bill to abolish the court of the marches (3 Dec. 1680). In James II’s Parliament he was again named to only one committee, that for reviving the Leather Export Act. He was not removed from the commission of the peace until 1687, but Danby included him among the Opposition ‘in the country’. He was one of the Welsh sheriffs pricked in January 1688 in order to prevent them from standing for the abortive Parliament, and refused his consent to the repeal of the Test Act and Penal Laws. According to Ailesbury’s list he voted to agree with the Lords that the throne was not vacant; but he was not an active Member of the Convention, in which he was appointed only to two private bill committees. He died on 18 Mar. 1693 and was buried at St. Mary’s, Cardigan, the last of the family to sit in Parliament.3

Ref Volumes: 1660-1690

Authors: Leonard Naylor / Geoffrey Jaggar


  • 1. DWB; W. Wales Hist. Recs. viii. 100-1.
  • 2. Thurloe, iii. 583; HMC Lords, i. 188; Cal. Treas. Bks. viii. 1253; information from Major Francis Jones, Wales Herald.
  • 3. A. H. Dodd, Studies in Stuart Wales, 150; HMC Downshire, i. 286; Old Wales, i. 316.