Single Member Borough

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1715-1754, ed. R. Sedgwick, 1970
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Background Information

A single Member constituency

Right of Election:

in inhabitants paying scot and lot

Number of voters:



 Simon Harcourt 
22 Mar. 1722ROBERT HUCKS136
 Sir John D' Oyley87
 James Jennings33
18 Aug. 1727ROBERT HUCKS183
 Thomas D' Oyley74
24 Apr. 1734ROBERT HUCKS144
 James Jennings81
2 May 1741JOHN WRIGHT 
27 June 1747JOHN MORTON 

Main Article

Abingdon was an open borough, subject to no predominant influence. The mayor and corporation were Tory, but though they put the strongest pressure on their tenants1 they could not prevent the return of Whigs, in the persons of Hucks and Wright, from 1722 to 1747. Only candidates with local interests were returned; ‘as to a stranger’, an authority on Berkshire boroughs warned the Duke of Bedford when he was thinking of intervening and 1753, ‘they only want such a person to pluck and defeat him’. Of the two Tories returned, Jennings was the son of a former headmaster of Abingdon school, where Morton, also a Tory, was educated; Morton’s chief supporter was his old headmaster, while the opposition to him was organized by the local parson, a Whig.2

Author: R. S. Lea


  • 1. Elizabeth Pevvy to Walpole, 10 Apr. 1734, Cholmondeley (Houghton) mss.
  • 2. R. N. Aldworth to Bedford, 2 Apr. 1753, Bedford mss.