KYNASTON (afterwards KYNASTON POWELL), John (1753-1822), of Hardwick Hall, Salop.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1790-1820, ed. R. Thorne, 1986
Available from Boydell and Brewer



1784 - 24 Oct. 1822

Family and Education

b. 5 Feb. 1753, 1st s. of Roger Kynaston of Shrewsbury by Mary, da. of Henry Powell of Worthen. educ. Pembroke, Oxf. 1770, BA 1774, BCL (All Souls) 1777, DCL 1814. m. 19 Feb. 1778, Mary Elizabeth, da. of John Corbet of Sundorne, s.p. suc. fa. 1788; uncle John Powell to Worthen, and took additional name of Powell 11 Feb. 1797; cr. Bt. 3 Oct. 1818.

Offices Held

Mayor, Oswestry 1783, steward 1796-d.

Lt.-col. Salop militia 1789, col. (West and North) 1797; brevet col. 1797; col. Salop vols. 1803.


Kynaston continued to be returned unopposed for Shropshire and, when present, to give a general support to administration. Only one speech by him is known: on 23 Dec. 1790, favouring the continuation of the impeachment of Warren Hastings and suggesting a statutory regulation of future impeachments, since the House was so divided on the subject. On 3 Apr. 1797, after a division on it, he was excused attendance on account of militia duties. On 18 May 1798 he voted with opposition for the deferment of the land tax redemption bill and for Buxton’s clause in amendment of it. He had succeeded to his mother’s family estates and developed the ambition of securing the revival of the barony of Grey de Powis in his favour.1 Writing to Pitt to request his ‘countenance and support’ for his claim, 2 Dec. 1799, he anticipated a vacancy in the representation of the county and hoped his successor would meet with Pitt’s approbation.2 His petition was, however, rejected in 1800 and no vacancy arose. In June 1802, at the county meeting, he moved an address in favour of the peace: but by March 1804 was reckoned an adherent of Pitt. He was listed a friend of Pitt’s second administration in 1804-5.

He was evidently not a friend of the Grenville ministry and voted against them on Ellenborough’s seat in the cabinet, 3 Mar. 1806, and on the Hampshire election petition, 13 Feb. 1807. Thereafter he took periodic leaves of absence for ill health. The Whigs were ‘doubtful’ of him in 1810, in which year he appeared in the government lobby on the address and the Scheldt expedition, 23 Jan., 5 and 30 Mar.; as also on the Regency, 1 Jan. 1811. He was listed a government supporter in 1812 and appeared in no minority list in that Parliament except on 2 Mar. 1813 when he was opposed to Catholic relief. He voted with ministers against Admiralty retrenchment, 25 Feb. 1817, and on their employment of informers, 5 Mar. 1818. He was encouraged and consoled in 1818 with a baronetcy.3 He voted with ministers against Tierney’s censure motion, 18 May 1819. He died 24 Oct. 1822, commended for his integrity and urbanity.4 He took a keen interest in the promotion of the Ellesmere Canal in Parliament.5

Ref Volumes: 1790-1820

Author: R. G. Thorne


  • 1. CP, vi. 701.
  • 2. PRO 30/8/168, f. 231.
  • 3. Trans. Salop Arch. Soc. (ser. iv), xii. 20; Add. 38273, ff. 178, 183.
  • 4. Gent. Mag. (1822), ii. 471.
  • 5. Pole Carew mss CC/K/22, Hunt to Pole Carew, 16 Feb. 1793.