TYLNEY LONG (formerly LONG), Sir James, 7th Bt. (1737-94), of Draycot Cerne, Wilts.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1790-1820, ed. R. Thorne, 1986
Available from Boydell and Brewer



11 May 1762 - 1780
1780 - Dec. 1788
19 Dec. 1788 - 28 Nov. 1794

Family and Education

b. July 1737,1 1st s. of Sir Robert Long, 6th Bt., by Lady Emma Child, da. of Richard Child (afterwards Tylney), 1st Earl Tylney [I]. educ. Westminster 1749-c.1754; Oriel, Oxf. 1756. m. (1) 11 July 1775, Hon. Harriet Bouverie (d. 12 Nov. 1777), da. of Jacob Bouverie, 1st Visct. Folkestone, s.p.; (2) 26 July 1785, Lady Catherine Windsor, da. of Other Lewis, 4th Earl of Plymouth, 1s. 3da. suc. fa. as 7th Bt. 10 Feb. 1767; to estates of uncle, John, 2nd Earl Tylney [I] 17 Feb. 1784 having taken the additional name of Tylney by royal lic. 9 June 1775.

Offices Held


Tylney Long claimed that he had ‘never been ambitious’ of a county seat, when he was about to come in for Wiltshire on a vacancy in 1788. His father and other forebears had been county Members. He had sat for two Wiltshire boroughs for 26 years, without making any reported speech in the House, and was no longer anxious to be in Parliament. He acceded to the wishes of the Deptford Club, so as to help preserve the peace of the county.2 Since 1784, considered well disposed to Pitt’s ministry, he had been an inactive Member, and apart from being listed among opponents of repeal of the Test Act in Scotland in 1791 he made no mark in the Parliament of 1790. On 4 Mar. 1793 he was granted leave of absence for ill health. He died 28 Nov. 1794, aged 57, in the ‘constant exercise of virtues more solid than specious’. The inheritance of a substantial fortune in 1784 had not perceptibly altered his simple lifestyle.3 It was squandered by his eventual heiress’s husband William Pole Tylney Long Wellesley*.

Ref Volumes: 1790-1820

Author: R. G. Thorne


  • 1. Gent. Mag. (1737), 450.
  • 2. Swindon Central Lib. Goddard mss, Tylney Long to Goddard, 3 Nov. 1788.
  • 3. Gent. Mag. (1794), ii. 1154.