Newcastle-upon-Tyne

Double Member Borough

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1754-1790, ed. L. Namier, J. Brooke., 1964
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Background Information

Right of Election:

in the freemen

Number of voters:

about 2,500

Elections

DateCandidateVotes
17 Apr. 1754Sir Walter Calverley Blackett 
 Matthew Ridley 
27 Mar. 1761Sir Walter Calverley Blackett 
 Matthew Ridley 
21 Mar. 1768Sir Walter Calverley Blackett 
 Matthew Ridley 
11 Oct. 1774Sir Walter Calverley Blackett1432
 Sir Matthew White Ridley1411
 Constantine John Phipps795
 Thomas Delaval677
27 Feb. 1777Sir John Trevelyan vice Blackett, deceased1163
 Andrew Robinson Bowes1068
11 Sept. 1780Sir Matthew White Ridley1408
 Andrew Robinson Bowes1135
 Thomas Delaval1085
26 Apr. 1784Sir Matthew White Ridley 
 Charles Brandling 

Main Article

In 1754 the representation of Newcastle was ‘compromised’: Sir Walter Blackett, a Tory, and Matthew Ridley, a Whig, both popular and highly respected local men, were returned unopposed, and continued to be so in 1761 and 1768. In teh House they closely co-operated on matters concerning Newcastle.

In 1774 the opposition to them was given a political complexion: it was held up against them that in 1769 they had refused to present a petition from their constituents for the dissolution of Parliament, and radical resolutions were put forward asking for parliamentary reform. But more important were local issues. Phipps ‘on all occasions ... declared his warmest attachment to the best interests of Newcastle, and especially to the improvement of the River Tyne’, and promised to ‘exert all his influence with the Admiralty, to whom he was personally known, to protect, cherish and aggrandize the important and numerous branches of trade on the river’.1 And then there was the controversy over the Town Moor, part of which the corporation, backed by Blackett. had let out for cultivation and improvement; freemen who had grazing rights felt injured; and as their opponents had retained ‘all the senior counsel on the circuit’, George Grieve, the son of an Alnwick attorney and a prominent radical, secured for them the very effective services of Serjeant Glynn (q.v.).2 Still, the old Members were re-elected by a nearly two-thirds majority; with little cross-voting (128), and hardly any plumpers (17). An analysis of the voters by trades shows an overwhelming majority for Blackett and Ridley in the upper stratum, among the merchants, hostmen, and goldsmiths (Blackett 251, Ridley 254, Phipps 36, Delaval 36); the buters, an interested party in the controversy over the Town Moor, were about evenly divided (123, 114, 128, 110); more difficult to explain is why in the building trade the opposition had a majority (121, 121, 157, 138).3

On the vacancy caused by the death of Walter Blackett, Grieve and the radicals put up as t