JUEL (JEWELL), Richard (d.1410), of Salisbury, Wilts.
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Family and Education
Alderman, Salisbury 1383; coroner bef. 1391-1 Nov. 1398.2
Commr. of inquiry, Salisbury Mar. 1398; to arrest those impugning the King’s rights regarding Salisbury cathedral June 1408.
Verderer, Clarendon forest, Wilts. bef. 16 Jan. 1404.
Coroner, Wilts. bef. d.
Juel had been made alderman of the ward of New Street, Salisbury, by June 1383, when in this capacity he attended a coroner’s inquest. Five years later, in June 1388, he and two other Salisbury merchants, John Moner* and John Salisbury, successfully petitioned the King for the return of 140 tuns of wine of theirs, arrested by the authorities at Southampton as having belonged to Sir John Salisbury, recently condemned for treason in the Merciless Parliament. He went surety for the attendance of David White at the Cambridge Parliament that autumn, and did the same for John Chipplegh, MP for Old Sarum, previous to the Parliament of 1394. In the course of the dispute between the corporation of Salisbury and Bishop John Waltham in June 1395, he was one of those appointed to act as attorneys for the city during the royal council’s hearing of the case.3
Juel had been elected as a coroner for Salisbury before 1391, and he was still holding office when returned to the second Parliament of 1397. In March 1398 he served ex officio on a royal commission appointed to investigate the death of William Berham, a chaplain of Salisbury, but the following November he relinquished the coronership. It was perhaps about this time that he was appointed as verderer in the royal forest of Clarendon, the confines of which were close to Salisbury. In January 1404, however, the sheriff of Wiltshire was ordered to replace him on the ground that he was too much engaged on other royal business to perform his duties properly. The nature of this other business is not known for certain, but it may have been the coronership in Wiltshire, which Juel was holding when he died. However this may be, he was still evidently a verderer in March 1406, when ordered to sell 150 beech trees from Buckholt woods and give the proceeds to the clerk of the King’s works, who was to use them for repairs to the parks and lodges in Clarendon forest.4
Juel made his will on 23 July 1410, and died a few days later (before 10 Aug.). He left £1 to the parish church of St. Thomas, where he requested burial, and 10s. to the cathedral, as well as various personal bequests of plate, clothing and weapons. His widow, Juliana, who was named as his executrix, was to have a life interest in his four tenements in Salisbury. It would seem that, while by no means poor, Juel was not among the richest citizens of his time.5
Ref Volumes: 1386-1421
Author: Charles Kightly
- 1. Salisbury RO, ledger bk. A, f. 19.
- 2. Sel. Coroners’ Rolls (Selden Soc. ix), 107; Tropenell Cart. ed. Davies, i. 214, 255; Salisbury RO, ‘Domesday bk.’ 2, ff. 11, 15-18, 41.
- 3. CCR, 1385-9, p. 398; 1392-6, p. 355; C219/9/5, 10.
- 4. ‘Domesday bk.’ 2, f. 17; CCR, 1402-5, p. 256; 1409-13, p. 244; CPR, 1405-9, p. 179.
- 5. ‘Domesday bk.’ 2, f. 89.