HUTTON, John I (1659-1731), of Marske, nr. Richmond, Yorks.
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Family and Education
b. 14 July 1659, 2nd but o. surv. s. of John Hutton of Marske (d.v.p. 1664, 1st surv. s. of Matthew Hutton† of Marske), by Frances, da. of Brian Stapleton† of Myton-upon-Swale, Yorks. educ. Christ Church, Oxf. 1674. m. settlement 24 Nov. 1680, Dorothy (d. 1744), da. of William Dyke of Frant, Suss., coh. to her bro. John Dyke and h. of Ferdinando Penkhurst, 4s. (2 d.v.p.) 5da. (2 d.v.p.). suc. gdfa. c.1666.1
Bowbearer, forest of Arkengarthdale 1693–?d.2
Hutton was descended from Matthew Hutton (d. 1606), archbishop of York, whose son Sir Timothy (d. 1629) settled the family at Marske and served twice as alderman of the nearby borough of Richmond. His son Matthew, the Member’s grandfather, was the first of the family to represent the borough in Parliament. A spendthrift, who sold off much of the property he had inherited, and would have alienated the Marske estate itself but for the intervention of his father-in-law, Matthew took the King’s part in the Civil War. However, it is likely that a more prominent influence on the young John Hutton was that of his mother’s family, the Presbyterian Stapletons (or Stapyltons), for Hutton played a leading part in initiatives taken by the North Riding justices towards a reformation of manners.3
Hutton was appointed to the North Riding lieutenancy in March 1700, and was returned for Richmond, where he owned a burgage, at the second general election of 1701. In the county election he had actively supported the Whig Lord Irwin (Arthur Ingram*). Classed as a ‘gain’ for the Whigs by Lord Spencer (Charles*), Hutton’s return probably owed much to his Whig kinsman the Earl of Holdernesse, who had already been responsible for Hutton’s appointment to a local office in Arkengarthdale. He made little mark in the House and did not stand for election again. Hutton died in February 1731 and was buried on 2 Mar. The trustees of his will, dated 9 Dec. 1727, included his distant cousin (Sir) John Stapylton* (3rd Bt.), and John Yorke*. His younger son Matthew Hutton, a Whig, was successively archbishop of York and Canterbury under George III.4
Ref Volumes: 1690-1715
Authors: Eveline Cruickshanks / D. W. Hayton
- 1. Yorks. Arch. Jnl. vi. 238–91; PCC 121 Isham.
- 2. Yorks. Arch. Jnl. 238.
- 3. Yorks. Arch. Jnl. 245–52; J. T. Cliffe, Yorks. Gentry, 372–3; N. Riding Rec. Soc. vii. 123–4, 168–9, 188, 207.
- 4. CSP Dom. 1699–1700, p. 399; C. Clarkson, Hist. Richmond, app. p. lviii; W. Yorks. Archs. (Leeds), Temple Newsam mss TN/C9/113, Hutton to Ld. Irwin, 28 Sept. ; 143, Thomas Palleine to same, 15 Nov. 1701; Yorks. Arch. Jnl. 238–9; J. A. and P. C. Hutton, Hutton Fams. 119; PCC 121 Isham.