KINASTON, William (?1682-1749), of Ruyton Hall, Salop.
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Family and Education
b. ?1682, 2nd s. of William Kinaston of Lee, Salop by Jane, da. and h. of Thomas Kinaston of Ruyton of the Eleven Towns, Salop. educ. Shrewsbury; St. John’s, Camb. 16 July 1699, aged 17; I. Temple 1699, called 1706. m. Dorothy Taylor of Essex, 4da. suc. fa. 1723.
Master in Chancery 1721-d.; recorder, Shrewsbury 1733-d.
William Kinaston was a member of a junior branch of the Shropshire Kynastons, who had been seated at Ruyton since the sixteenth century. A Whig and an active member of the Shrewsbury corporation, he is said by a political opponent to have
come in to be mayor by a writ of mandamus though he was neither rightly elected nor the senior alderman; he acted partially during his time and used such indirect means to compass his designs that his name became odious ... the corporation lost their grandeur; honour, honesty, and justice were expelled the house; tyranny and oppression ruled in their stead for many years,1
a reference to the new bye-laws concerning the admission of freemen passed in his mayoralty, which eventually gave the Whigs control of the franchise.
On becoming a master in Chancery Kinaston gave Lord Chancellor Macclesfield a present of 1,500 guineas. When the state of the chancery suitors funds was investigated in 1724 he was found to have a deficit of over £26,900, but retained his office after giving security for the debts.2 In 1734, shortly after becoming recorder of the borough, he was returned for Shrewsbury, voting with the Government. He had a reputation for meanness; after the 1747 election his fellow-member, Sir Richard Corbet, complained that he paid no part of its cost; and he was known as ‘heavy Billy, not from the weight of his purse, but the unwieldiness of his body’.3 He died 24 Feb. 1749.